History and Names of 22nd Regiment

The Twenty-Second Regiment U.S.C.T. – A History

 

The troops composing this regiment were organized at Camp William Penn, during the month of January, 1864. with the following field officers:

  • Joseph B. Kiddoo, Colonel
  • Nathan P. Goff, Jr., Lieutenant Colonel
  • John B. Cook, Major

The majority of the field and line officers had previously served in other regiments, Colonel Kiddoo having been promoted from Sergeant of the Sixty-third Pennsylvania to Lieutenant Colonel, and Colonel of the One Hundred and Thirty-seventh, and subsequently appointed Major of the Sixth Colored, whence he was selected to led this regiment. Towards the close of the month, it was ordered to the front and proceeded from Camp William Penn to Yorktown, Virginia and as part of Hinck’s Division, Eighteenth Corps, where they joined the Army of the James, under command of General Butler. At the camp near Yorktown, it was drilled and disciplines, until the opening of the spring campaign, where it was assigned for duty to the Third Brigade, First Division of the Eighteenth Corps. It was first posted at Wilson’s Wharf, on the north side of the James River, where it was put to constructing an earth-work for the protection of the transports on their way up the river. This duty accomplished, it was sent to the south side of the river, in the neighborhood of Fort Powhattan, where it was again employed in constructing works, and preparing for the crossing of the Army of the Potomac, on its arrival from the Wilderness campaign. The enemy’s cavalry from Richmond attacked at this point, but after a spirited engagement was handsomely repulsed.

On the 15th of June, General Baldy Smith, who had returned from his march to Cold harbor, where he had gone for reinforcement of Grant, led his corps to the attack of rebel entrenchments before Petersburg. The Twenty-second headed the charge in this assault, and captured six of the seven guns taken by the division, and two of the four forts. The victory was gained at a fearful cost to the regiment. Its loss was one officer, Lieutenant Emery Fisher, and seventeen men killed, and five officers and one hundred and thirty-eight men wounded and one missing. Lieutenant Colonel Gogg was among the severely wounded. Its conduct on this occasion was warmly commended at corps and army headquarters. In the assault upon the enemy’s strong works at Chapin’s Farm, on the 29th of September, it delivered a most daring and impetuous charge; but was repulsed, suffering a loss of eleven men killed, two officers and two men wounded, and eight missing. Major Cook, who led the regiment, was among the severely wounded.

On the 27th of October, Grant inaugurated a general movement along his entire lines, reaching out on his left to Hatcher’s Run and Armstrong’s Mill, while upon the right, General Butler demonstrated his force, and the eighteenth Corps moved upon the Richmond defenses on the Charles City and Williamsburg roads. The Twenty-second led the column on the latter, and at a point near the old Fair Oaks Battle-ground, charged on the rebel intrenched position with great steadiness and courage, but was again repulsed with heavy slaughter. Colonel Kidoo, who led the charge, was severely wounded, and Captain William B. Clark was killed. The entire loss in killed and wounded, exceeded one hundred. After this action all three of its field officers were in the hospital at Fortress Monroe together, for wounds received in separate engagements. Upon the fall of Richmond on the 3rd of April, 1865, this regiment was among the first of General Weitzel’s troops to enter the city, and rendered important service in extinguishing the flames which were raging. On account of its excellent discipline and good soldierly qualities, it was selected by General Weitzel to proceed to Washington, after the assassination of the President, to participate in the obsequies of his funeral, and was afterwards sent into Eastern Maryland, along the lower Potomac, to assist in the capture of Booth and his co-conspirators.

In May, the regiment re-joined the corps, and with it proceeded by sea to Texas, where it was assigned to duty as part of the Twenty-fifth Corps, where it maintained patrol duty for four months along the Rio Grande River. It returned to Philadelphia in October, where, on the 16th, it was mustered out of service.

Source:
Bates, Samuel P. History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-65, Harrisburg, 1868-1871.

Organization

Organized at Philadelphia, Pa., January 10-29, 1864.
Ordered to Yorktown, Va., January, 1864 Attached to U.S. Forces, Yorktown, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to April, 1864.
1st Brigade, Hincks’ Division (Colored), 18th Corps, Army of the James, to June, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 18th Corps, June, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 18th Corps, to August, 1864,
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 18th Corps, August, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 10th Corps, to September, 1864.
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 18th Corps, to December, 1864.
1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 25th Corps, December, 1864.
1st Brigade, 1st Division, 25th Corps, and Dept. of Texas, to October, 1865.

Service
Duty near Yorktown, Va., until May, 1864.
Expedition to King and Queen County March 9-12.
Butler’s operations south of James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 4-June 15.
Duty at Wilson’s Wharf, James River, protecting supply transports, then constructing works near Fort Powhatan until June.
Attack on Fort Powhatan May 21. Before Petersburg June 15-18.
Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Deep Bottom August 24. Dutch Gap August 24.
Demonstration north of the James River September 28-30.
Battle of Chaffin’s Farm, New Market Heights, September 29-30.
Fort Harrison September 29. Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28.
Chaffin’s Farm November 4.
In trenches before Richmond until April, 1865.
Occupation of Richmond April 3.
Moved to Washington, D.C., and participated in the obsequies of President Lincoln, and afterwards to eastern shore of Maryland and along lower Potomac in pursuit of the assassins.
Rejoined Corps May, 1865. Moved to Texas May 24-June 6. Duty along the Rio Grande until October, 1865.
Mustered out October 16, 1865.

Losses
Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 70 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded.
1 Officer and 144 Enlisted men by disease.
Total 217.

Source:
Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion Compiled and Arranged from Official Records of the Federal and Confederate Armies, Reports of he Adjutant Generals of the Several States, the Army Registers, and Other Reliable Documents and Sources. Des Moines, Iowa: The Dyer Publishing Company, 1908

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